Education Indonesia VS America
7 Mei 2011
Education Indonesia VS America
Education in Indonesia is centrally on the Ministry of National Education of Indonesia (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia/Depdiknas). Education system in Indonesia is Centralization. Education system in United State (USA) refers to from Government characteristic system in there that is federal by way of decentralization system by means of government states of America. The prominent leader of system education in there is department education federal government.
Education Instates in Indonesia just for certificate printing machine. A Lot of education department giving promise: graduate quickly, get certificate, and others. What can we hope from education like that? Maybe Ki Hajar Dewantoro will cry to look at education condition now. Not again to educated nation living (like wrote in UUD 45), but more similar with old machine which put outside product which difficult trade on the quality.
Education in Indonesia is more direct to prepare labor force “worker” now. Because worker’s think, all of the memorized given to students. And just for one thing: CERTIFICATE! Yeach, certificate, certificate, certificate that needed to find job. Idealism for change this condition, for teach living philosophy, and to teach the morality is limited.
Now, Education in Indonesia is very expensive. Yeach, poor people can’t enter in school! But that is the fact. “School must expensive”, that is stigma which planted in our think. Is it right??? That is not right; they who talk like that never see the condition. America, Malaysia, in fact Cuba can make their education very cheap. Likely, the most important for education just get certificate for find the job. Although, Education’s aim is building individually morality and knowledge.
In Indonesia, Ujian Akhir Nasional (UAN) became the controversy. Because UAN valuable ‘cut off’ the students who did not graduate. Other that, UAN as if requirement to graduate became ghost which frighten whoever: students, parent, and teacher. Different with America, if students can not exhausted standard value, school can not became that reason did not graduate. Students can take next level or continuo their study. But, their must correct their value like make time for study.
This wisdom is suitable with USA consistency to become their education as human right. On January, 8th 2001, President George W Bush validated The Education Principal with name “No Child Left behind Act”. All of education system in USA and than clarified with other ways for all child.
Although that, in society still did not satisfied. Like example in New York stage, there are any accusations for donation educations system more focus to child which disable. The judge declared New York is not equitable in donation education and they must make new principal which give donation more for education.
I ever read article in Internet, “Education in Indonesia is dictator education”. As we know, students must graduate from their examination to continuo their study. Moreover, the teacher never appraises and doesn’t give freedom to express their think. Students must obedient to education curriculums which hold on textbook and material to be memorize.
Different with education in America, Students get freedom for choose the lesson and students can to express all of thing which in their think. In USA, the teachers are appraising the argument without restrict the students’ creativities. With the result that students very likely go to school and very likely to do assignment from school which interest. In there every student accepted with differences and little skill appraised, with the result that students can motives for study. Creativities and initiatives is appraise, simple and strange their initiative. Motives for study develop with better, also thinking skills, initiatives, and creativities. Maybe that is making America different with Indonesia.
The strengthening Indonesia-U.S. partnership has led to several important education initiatives. Officials from both countries have expressed the conviction that education is the base upon which future understanding and cooperation will be built. As the two democracies draw closer, this foundation grows stronger.
Cooperation spans all levels of education. For young children, the U.S. sponsors an Indonesian version of the popular American show “Sesame Street.” This show, called Jalan Sesama in Indonesian, should begin broadcasting in November 2007.
To help improve grade-school education, the U.S. has launched a $157 million dollar education initiative. First announced in a joint statement between President Megawati Sukarnoputri and President George W. Bush in 2003, this program is beginning to show results. To date, it has reached over 1,500 schools, 24,000 teachers, and 400,000 students – an incredible set of accomplishments.
University-level cooperation has also been strong. Education and cultural exchange has blossomed under Indonesia’s Darmasiswa scholarship and America’s AFS and Fulbright programs. Further, university-to-university links – such as those with 50 promising Indonesian universities – are expanding quickly.
In addition to government efforts, non-governmental organizations have also helped strengthen Indonesian-U.S. educational ties. The Indonesian American Education Foundation (www.aicef.org), and the Indonesian International Education Foundation (www.iief.or.id), for instance, offers fellowship support for Indonesians to pursue graduate study in the United States, The U.S.-Indonesia Society (www.usindo.org), works to expand cultural education opportunities in Indonesia to all Americans through its Summer Program.
Further details about Indonesian-U.S. education cooperation follows.
1. Darmasiswa Scholarship
The Darmasiswa scholarship supports Americans as they study Indonesian culture, arts, and language at Indonesian universities.
2. American Field Services
The AFS/YES exchanges high school students for greater cultural understanding among youth.
The American Indonesian Exchange Foundation offers Fulbright scholarship programs for Indonesians to study at American universities.
4. USAID Indonesia
The website of the U.S. Agency for International Development’s efforts to support education in Indonesia.
5. The Indonesian International Education Foundation
The IIEF manages a variety of scholarship programs from non government sources for Indonesians to study at American universities
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